An Introduction To Spanish Grammar-iptd-651

Reference-and-Education When learning a new language, it is always useful to be familiar with its main grammatical units. This constitutes the first necessary step in order to understand and create meaningful speech. Here are the main grammatical elements in Spanish and some useful information about them: Nouns: A noun is a word which is mostly used to refer to a person or thing. All nouns in Spanish have a gender, meaning that they are either masculine or feminine. For example, nio (boy) is masculine and nia (girl) is feminine. The best way to identify gender is undoubtedly experience, although here are some general guidelines which may be useful at the beginning: usually nouns ending in o are masculine and nouns ending in a are feminine. Of course there are always exceptions. For example, mano (hand) and radio (radio) are feminine. On the other hand, words of Greek origin ending in ma, such as dilema (dilemma) or problema (problem) are masculine. When you are learning new vocabulary, it is recommendable that you learn a noun together with its corresponding article. That will help you to remember their gender. For example la nia, la mano or el problema and el nio. Adjectives: Adjectives are used to qualify a particular noun, to say something about it. It is important to remember that in Spanish they are usually placed after the noun. Since adjectives are always related to a noun, they have to agree with them in gender and number. This means that if you want to say something about the noun nio, which is masculine and singular, the adjective that you use will also have to be masculine and singular. Thus, you can say nio alto (tall boy), nio pequeo (small boy), etc. If, on the other hand, if you were talking about a girl, you would have to say nia alta and nia pequea. Pronouns: Pronouns substitute for nouns. For example, you can say la nia est aqu (the girl is here) or ella est aqu (she is here). In this case ella is substituting for la nia. The subject pronouns in Spanish are yo (I), t/usted/vos (singular you), l (he), ella (she), nosotros (we), vosotros/ustedes (plural you), ellos (they). The singular and plural you are used differently depending on the dialect of Spanish that you are using. It is important to remember that subject pronouns are frequently omitted in Spanish, since the ending of the verb already indicates this. Thus, native spears would say estoy aqu (Im here) rather than yo estoy aqu. Verbs: Verbs indicate actions. Usually when you enumerate a verb, you use what is called the infinitive, for example hablar (to speak). In Spanish there are three different types of verbs, depending of how their infinitive ends. These different categories are called conjugations. Thus, there are verbs ending in ar, such as hablar, in -er comer (to eat) and in ir dormir (to sleep). As mentioned before, verbs in Spanish have different endings depending on who the subject of the action is. These endings will vary from one conjugation to the other. For example, with the verb hablar, the singular you is (t) hablas, whereas with comer it is (t) comes. This can obviously be complicated for learners at the beginning, but once you get used to it, you will have no problem communicating effectively. About the Author: 相关的主题文章:

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